What Is A Smart City?
The definitions of a smart city are often ambiguous and may be perceived in their own way by different citizens of different countries, based on their aspirations and need. Generally speaking, a “smart city” is an urban region which aims at developing a highly advanced eco-system, which is characterized by requisites of a comprehensive development, for example focusing on overall infrastructure, communication, sustainable real estate and market viability. This sort of urban planning intends to deploy the information technology to its best use to proffer “Smart Solutions” for providing essential services to its citizens, in order to promote cities that prioritize a decent quality of life for its dwellers, organize for a core infrastructure and put forth a clean and sustainable environment. These models intend to reap the benefits of digital age, going beyond the use of mere data centers and sensor networks to bring about economic growth and a decent lifestyle for its people. The Urban Development Ministry, in fact, cited the following as the must-haves for the proposed smart cities in India:
- Smart processes should be designed to bring out smart outcomes in handling everyday organizational and administrative chores. E-Governance and Citizen services must be made hassle free by thorough use of information technology.
- Focus should be laid to restructure the public transport system so as to make it more robust and prolific in terms of motor utility, intelligent traffic management etc.
- Sustainable use of energy resources, effective sewage management system and promoting usage of renewable energy sources must be done in these cities to make them more eco-friendly.
- In societal stance, the cities must generate adequate employment opportunities for all to enhance individual incomes so as to ensure a healthy livelihood for all its residents, especially the poor and the disadvantaged.
- The smart cities shall also give entertainment; safety and security parameters equal thought and consideration. State of the art health and education facilities are must-haves.
Hence to conclude, it can be said that economic development and related sustainable activity, in a smart city Is dependent on success-oriented market factors such as supply and demand, which aim to assist people from all spheres of life: Businesses, citizens, government, and the environment.
What is the Smart city concept in India?
In our country, statistics indicate that by the year 2030, around 40% of the population would migrate to urban areas contributing to 75% the GDP as against the present 31% of urban population that constitutes 63% of GDP, thus driving the economy growth to the higher side under the influence of modernized city planning and likewise.
Features of the Smart City:
In accordance with the document released on Smart Cities Website, following are the core infrastructure that a smart city would comprise of:
|Adequate water supply|
|Assured electricity supply|
|Sanitation, including solid waste management|
|Efficient urban mobility and public transport|
|Affordable housing, especially for the poor|
|Robust IT connectivity and digitalisation|
|Good governance, especially e-Governance and citizen participation|
|Safety and security of citizens, particularly women, children and the elderly|
|Health and education|
List of Smart cities:
The government of India has declared a mission to establish a total of 100 smart cities in the country across various states and UT’s. As of now, “Smart Cities Mission” has announced a list 20 smart cities that will receive funds to kick start their process of transfiguration in line with the proposed vision. They are the following:
- Bhubaneswar, Odisha
- Pune, Maharashtra
- Jaipur, Rajasthan
- Surat, Gujarat
- Kochi, Kerala
- Ahmedabad, Gujarat
- Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh
- Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh
- Solapur, Maharashtra
- Davangere, Karnataka
- Indore, Madhya Pradesh
- New Delhi Municipal Corporation
- Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
- Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh
- Belagavi, Karnataka
- Udaipur, Rajasthan
- Guwahati, Assam
- Chennai, Tamil Nadu
- Ludhiana, Punjab
- Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh